Molluscum Contagiosum and Condyloma: Key Differences


Molluscum contagiosum and condyloma (genital warts) are two different viral infections that cause lesions on the skin. Both conditions are contagious and can have similar appearances on the skin, but they are caused by different viruses and require different treatment methods. In this article, we will look at the main differences between molluscum contagiosum and condyloma.

Molluscum Contagiosum: Overview

Molluscum contagiosum is caused by the Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV), a DNA virus from the Poxviridae family. It usually occurs in children, young adults and people with weakened immune systems. This infection causes the formation of flesh-colored, pearly, shiny, round blisters anywhere on the body. They usually have a navel or depression at their center.

Condyloma (Genital Warts): Overview

Condylomas are genital warts caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). There are more than 100 types of HPV and only certain types cause genital warts. Condylomas can appear on the genitals, around the anus and rarely in the mouth or throat. The warts are soft, flesh-like and often look like cauliflower.

Key Differences

Virus Type

  • Molluscum Contagiosum: It is caused by the Molluscum contagiosum virus from the Poxviridae family.
  • Chondyloma: is caused by certain types of HPV.


  • Molluscum Contagiosum: Pearl-shiny, flesh-colored, round blisters. There is usually an umbilicus or depression in the center.
  • Chondyloma: Soft, flesh-like warts, often looking like cauliflower.

Spread Pathway

  • Molluscum Contagiosum: Doğrudan cilt ile cilt teması, kontamine objeler veya su yoluyla bulaşabilir.
  • Condyloma: Çoğunlukla cinsel temas yoluyla bulaşır, ancak doğrudan cilt temasıyla da bulaşabilir.


  • Molluscum Contagiosum: It can appear anywhere on the body, but is usually found on the trunk, arms and legs.
  • Condyloma: It occurs in the genital area, around the anus and rarely in the mouth or throat.


  • Molluscum Contagiosum: It can include cryotherapy, curettage, topical treatments and sometimes laser treatment.
  • Condyloma: It can include cryotherapy, electrocauterization, topical treatments, surgical intervention and sometimes laser treatment.


Although molluscum contagiosum and condyloma cause similar-looking skin lesions, they are caused by different viruses and treatment approaches differ. In both cases, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are important in controlling the infection and preventing its spread.