Oral Contraceptive Drugs

Oral Contraceptive Drugs: A Comprehensive Guide

Oral Contraceptive Drugs revolutionized family planning by providing a practical and highly effective way to prevent unwanted pregnancies, known as oral contraceptive pills. These pills are widely used by people who want to prevent unwanted pregnancies. In this comprehensive guide, we will take an in-depth journey into the world of Oral Contraceptive Drugs and discuss their benefits, usage, potential side effects and more. Let's embark on this journey to understand a critical aspect of reproductive health.

Oral Contraceptive Drugs: An Overview

Oral Contraceptive Drugs, often abbreviated OC or simply birth control pills, are medicines containing synthetic hormones. These hormones mimic the effects of natural hormones produced mainly by the ovaries. The main purpose of these pills is to suppress ovulation, block sperm movement by thickening the cervical mucus and alter the lining of the uterus to discourage implantation.

Advantages of Oral Contraceptive Drugs

There are several advantages to using Oral Contraceptive Medicines as a method of birth control:

  • High Effectiveness: When taken correctly, OCs are more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.

  • Regularity: These pills can help regulate menstrual cycles, making them more predictable.

  • Reduced Risk of Certain Cancers: Studies show that OCs may reduce the risk of ovarian and endometrial cancer.

  • Non-invasive: Unlike some other contraceptive methods, OCs do not require any invasive procedures.

Understanding Types of Oral Contraceptive Drugs

There are two main types of Oral Contraceptive Medicines:

  1. Combination Pills: These contain both estrogen and progestin and are the most common type of OCs usually prescribed.

  2. Progestin Only Pills (Mini Pills): These pills contain only progestin and are a suitable option for people who cannot tolerate estrogen.

Using Oral Contraceptives Effectively

To ensure the effectiveness of Oral Contraceptive Medicines, it is extremely important to use them correctly and regularly. Here's what you need to know:

  • Timing is Important: Take your pill at the same time every day. Set an alarm or use a pill reminder app to help you remember.

  • Backup Method: If you forget a pill, use a backup method of birth control, such as a condom, to prevent pregnancy.

  • Consult with a Doctor: Discuss your medical history and possible interactions with your doctor before starting OCs.

Potential Side Effects of Oral Contraceptive Drugs

Oral Contraceptive Drugs are generally safe, but they can cause some side effects, these include

  • Nausea: Some people may experience nausea, which can usually be managed by eating the pill.

  • Breast tenderness: Hormonal changes can cause breast tenderness, but this usually goes away after a few months.

  • Menstrual Changes: OCs can make periods lighter or more intense, or in some cases prevent menstruation.

  • Emotion Changes: Some people may experience emotional fluctuations, but these are usually mild and temporary.

Addressing Common Concerns

Question: Can Oral Contraceptives Cause Weight Gain?

While some people report experiencing a slight weight gain when using OCs, studies show that such weight gain is usually insignificant and not significant.

Question: Are Oral Contraceptive Drugs Safe for Long Term Use?

Yes, OCs are generally safe for long-term use. However, regular check-ups are recommended for personalized guidance.

Question: Do oral contraceptives protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs)?

No, OCs do not protect against STIs. It is important to use condoms or other barrier methods if you are at risk of STIs.

Question: Can I use oral contraceptives while breastfeeding?

Usually progestin-only pills are considered safe during breastfeeding, but it is important to check with your doctor.

Question: What should I do if I forget a pill?

If you forget a pill, take it as soon as you remember, in which case you may need to take two pills in one day. Use a back-up contraceptive for the next seven days.

Question: I Don't Always Want Oral Contraceptives, When Can I Stop Taking Them?

Yes, you can stop OCs at any time. But if you want to stop birth control, it is wise to discuss alternative methods with your doctor.


Oral contraceptives, commonly known as birth control pills, are a type of medicine that women use to prevent pregnancy. These pills usually contain two types of hormones, estrogen and progesterone. These hormones prevent pregnancy by preventing ovulation, thickening cervical mucus and thinning the uterine wall.

Dr. Tuba Nadide Yılmaz and our team guide our patients on the use of oral contraceptives. We conduct a comprehensive assessment to determine the most appropriate contraceptive method based on each patient's individual needs and situation. The correct use of oral contraceptives increases their effectiveness and reduces side effects.

The health and well-being of our patients is always our top priority. That is why we are happy to answer any questions you may have about the use of oral contraceptives and provide you with the best care.


Dr. Tuba Nadide Yilmaz

Dr. Tuba Nadide Yilmaz

Obstetrician Dr. Tuba Nadide Yilmaz is a leading expert in her field, specializing in genital aesthetics and health services with extensive knowledge and experience. She offers comprehensive guidance for maintaining a healthy lifestyle along with customized solutions that cater to individual patient needs using modern treatment methods. We endeavor to restore your self-confidence. Please feel free to contact us for any questions or appointment requests. Our top priority is your health.